Institutional Problems and Constraints in Land Utilization in The Peri-Urban Areas of Mavoko Municipality: A Case of Namanga Road – Stony Athi Corridor

 

Planning for peri-urban areas has always posed many problems such as loss of agricultural land, lack of control, inadequate facilities, development pressures, lack of adequate data for land use changes, conflicting land tenure and institutional weaknesses.  Planners and policy makers have responded to these problems with a variety of regulatory approaches, institutional arrangements and policies with little success.  The study critically examined the roles of various institutions involved in land use planning and management in the study area and the statutory structure for their operations and their performance.  Lack of a clear institutional framework for land use planning and management has led to haphazard development in the peri-urban areas as these areas experience rapid urbanization.

The institutional problems and constraints in land utilization in the study area manifest themselves in the form of un procedural conversion of freehold land into urban uses, illegal invasion and subdivision of private land, informal subdivision of un controlled land, the emergence of informal settlements, inadequate provision of infrastructural facilities such as sewage and solid waste disposal systems and environmental degradation.  The study has established that the land use planning and management institutions are faced with a number of problems such as lack of enough skilled manpower, equipments, resources, lack of organizational coordination, lack of a local physical development plan to guide and coordinate land use activities, fragmented land laws, conflicting jurisdictional powers and lack of local community’s involvement in the planning and management process.  The present institutional arrangements in the area have problems of coordination and functional definition.  Therefore, the research recommended the need to establish clear roles of each of the institutions involved in land use planning and management in the area.

Further, the study recommended that there was need to coordinate all the planning institutions in the study area under one umbrella peri-urban body that would oversee and coordinate all land use planning and management activities both in the Namanga Road – Stony Athi corridor and other peri-urban areas of our cities and urban centres. This will involve devolving planning powers fully to the Local Authorities and equipping them with adequate skilled professional personnel.  The study also recommend that human resource development, establishment of an integrated land management database and community participation in development control enforcement  would be key to effective utilization and management of land resources in peri-urban areas for sustainable development.

AttachmentSize
KEMONI.pdf335.29 KB
KEMONI.docx12.13 KB