Transformation of Residential and Open Spaces into commercial Land Uses: Case Study of Buruburu

ABSTRACT
Land has special characteristics compared to other economic goods. Land has a fixed location which is a unique property and use of land affects the use and value of surrounding parcels. Land transformation is the changing of form in the land use; this change can be from agricultural land use to residential, commercial or any other transformation. Each transformation has a significant effect on the other surrounding land uses.


The main objective of this study is to investigate the effects of transformation of residential and open spaces into commercial activities, its root cause and the implication to the future of Buruburu neighbourhood.


The study was conducted using the stratified sampling and both qualitative and quantitative were generated. Data was collected along the Mumias south road where the residents, developers and business people were asked questions relevant to the study. Other relevant informants included the city council officials, and planners. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the quantitative data while qualitative data was analyzed thematically.


This transformation has resulted to the open spaces being illegally or even irregularly allocated to developers of commercial centers. Some of the open spaces, which had been allocated as recreation play areas along the road, have been converted to commercial precincts by informal business operators. Transformation is also experienced and seen by residential houses being converted to commercial land uses. Part or even the whole house is made a shop, chemist, saloon, hospital or any other commercial activity. Informal business activities also use these sidewalks and the pavements to carry out their activities this has resulted to traffic, congestion, noise pollution and accidents.

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