The main aim of this study is to identify both the positive and negative impacts of the Eastern
Bypass on the adjacent peri-urban centres, specifically Ruai town. Further, this study aims to
show how the Eastern bypass has opened up its surrounding areas, thus influencing the
economic potential of the area, which has direct implications to the livelihoods and overall
standard of living of the people of the area.
The study indicates that the area has already undergone a development boom in recent years.
Ruai’s population has increased drastically over the past decade. Also, land buying and land
prices have increased over the same period. The area is undergoing densification as most of
the new developments are high-rise residential apartments. There is also increased
transformation of land uses from single-dwelling to multi-dwelling residential as well as to
commercial uses.
As a result, the study proposes certain recommendations: Firstly, Ruai needs a comprehensive
land use plan to guide the development of the area, especially taking into account the different
development conditions that the Bypass has brought. This is important to ensure sustainable
development of the area. This also involves reviewing the current policies guiding zoning, land
use, subdivision, change of use, extension of leases etc. to ensure Ruai develops as an efficient
highway town and to prevent haphazard developments in the area.
Third, it is recommended that policies regulating land prices in Ruai be formulated as these
have the potential to rise to restrictive levels due to speculation. Developers in the area are
already setting themselves up to receive super-normal profits from land sales as a result of the
impact of the Eastern Bypass Road on land prices in the area.
Fourth, it is recommended that the informal daily markets, predominant at the roadside
reserves, be relocated to an official space for such activities. This is also true for the sand trucks
which usually park at the road reserves. This clearing of activities encroaching on the road
reserves is necessary so that the space can be used for what it was intended – provision of
service way leaves. This will also take advantage of the increased economic potential of the
area and create more job opportunities.

Fifth, the segregation of motorized and non-motorized forms of transport, as well as provision of infrastructure for pedestrian traffic at the road reserves, is recommended. This needs to be done so as to ensure pedestrian safety and reduce the risk of accidents, as well as ensure the aesthetics of the area. Lastly, it is recommended that a bus/matatu terminus should be constructed so as to reduce obstruction and conflict on the road. Space at this terminus facility should also be put aside for motorcycles and wheeled non-motorized modes of transport. This will also ensure safety on the roads. Also, lay-bys should be constructed along Kangundo road to ensure that buses/matatus can safely stop along the road at defined points to pick up or drop off passengers.



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