The challenges faced by Kenya Pipeline Company on their land reserve: Case study of Mukuru Sinai slum

ABSTRACT
A lot of studies have been carried out as an attempt to solve the challenge of encroachment in
the public and private land reserves, and way leaves majorly in the urban areas. Despite the
attempts, rapid urbanization, lack of affordable housing for the urban poor, inaccessibility to land
and inability by the government to provide housing for the poor have resulted to the growth and
expansion of illegal settlements.
The attempt by the government and the Kenya Pipeline Company in 2006 to solve the problem
of encroachment on the pipeline land reserve by evicting the residents have turned futile
because it received opposition by the residents, NGOs, civil society and the area politicians who
claimed they stay put until the fire incident which killed over 110 people and left thousands
homeless, the incident raised public uproar on the GoK and KPC failure in prevent the incident
from occurring and a need for a solution arose.
This research examines challenges on pipeline land reserve in Sinai area by the use
observatory approach, mapping of the existing land use in the pipeline land and its vicinity. The
mapping of land use was used to develop the sampling frame based on the house numbers as it
is located in the map, the map was also important the comparability of the land uses in relation
to the pipeline.
The total number of housing structure in the outlined area of mapping was found to be 150 in
the delineated area. The simple random sampling was administered in the household data
collection, a third of the housing structure were selected for the exercise. Household
questionnaires administered were 50.
The study has established that the existence of the residents in the area is a great impediment
to the pipeline authority to expand so as to meet the countries growing energy demand, it also
increases the companies operation cost due to the vandalism and other mechanical breakages
due to the existence of the residents.
The study conclusion is that a weak institutional policy framework, lack of housing scheme for
the urban poor, lack of access to a secure land tenure in urban area for the poor, high rate of
urbanization, urban poverty, poor land use planning, lack of enforcement of the development
control and misunderstanding on the responsible institution in the management of pipeline land
reserve are the main factors which lead to the encroachment of the pipeline land reserve which
is a major challenge to Kenya Pipeline Company along their pipeline land reserve in Sinai slum.
To solve the challenges faced on the pipeline land reserve the study recommends the relocation
of the residents who have settled on the KPC land reserve to alternative land, invest in the
modern technology in pipeline, develop health and safety measure on the pipeline land reserve
and develop a strong institutional and policy framework, enforce development control and
promote a sectoral approach in the management of the pipeline land reserve.

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