AN INVESTIGATION INTO FACTORS INFLUENCING URBANIZATION AND LAND USE CHANGE PROCESS IN PERI-URBAN CENTRES: A CASE OF NDUMBUINI CENTRE

ABSTRACT
There is currently an increasing rate of interest in peri-urban areas as pertains to their development, planning and land use change processes in major cities globally. Kenya is no exception because the peri-urbanization trends have been on the rise particularly in the areas surrounding our major cities. There is a fairly limited amount of research attention given to the subject that prompted the need for this study in order to contribute to the knowledge gap in this field of study.
The study examined factors influencing urbanization and land use change processes in the peri-urban areas; the case of Ndumbuini. It looked into the background and urban development as well as land use change processes of Ndumbuini in that specific order. It further sought to examine the factors that caused the growth process and the implications of the same. Finally, the study sought to recommend planning interventions for the sustainable future of Ndumbuini.
The main findings revealed that the factors responsible for the growth process include; the increasing sprawl of the city of Nairobi, enhanced by the dualling of the Waiyaki Highway in the 1970s. Other factors included the expansion of the University of Nairobi-College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences and cheaper land values in Ndumbuini providing the factors for migrants to the area. The consequences of this growth process include uncontrolled development, mushrooming of informal commercial activities along the road and space contestation as well as poor control of the growth and development of the community as it lacks a shopping/market centre and crucial community facilities.
The study recommended proper adherence to and enforcement of building regulations and standards, establishment of a community centre, improvement of the water and sanitation conditions as well as decongesting the road reserves.
The study therefore concluded that the growth of peri-urban centres is mostly attributed to city sprawl and the increasing urbanization trends. If not well planned for, the peri-urbanization trends could lead to the formation of disorganized urban communities.